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企业服务中心浅谈近年来宏观税负状况
来 源:www.71-fuwu.com     发布时间:2016-7-21 10:27:41

宏观税负通常是指一个国家在一定期间内税收收入占当期国内生产总值(GDP)的比重,是反映一个国家税收的总体负担水平的重要指标。从税收与GDP关系看,税收主要来源于GDP中的第二、三产业增加值。


Macro tax burden is usually refers to a country in a certain period of tax revenue accounted for the current gross domestic product (GDP), is an important indicator of the level of the overall burden of taxation. From the relationship between tax and GDP, the main source of tax revenue from the second and three industries in GDP added value.


通过对一个国家在不同时期宏观税负水平的纵向比较,可以分析税收制度的完善与国家经济发展的协调状况;通过对不同国家之间宏观税负水平的横向比较,可分析一国税收制度与其他国家或国际通行税制的差异。


Through to a country in the longitudinal comparison of macro tax burden level in different periods, analysis of the coordination of the tax system of the improvement of the national economic development; through to different countries between macro tax burden level of horizontal comparison, analysis of a country's tax system and other national or international traffic tax differences.


宏观税负水平既是税收与经济互相作用的结果,又影响着经济的发展变化和政府掌控资源的规模,进而影响政府的宏观调控能力。因此,确定适度合理的宏观税负水平,是我国政府通过税收筹集财政资金的立足点,也是调控经济和调节分配的出发点。


Macro tax burden level is not only the result of the interaction between tax and economy, but also influences the development of economy and the scale of the government's control of the resources, and then affects the government's macro-control ability. Therefore, to determine the reasonable level of the macro tax burden is the basis of the government to raise funds through tax revenue, but also the starting point of regulation and distribution of economic regulation and control.


自1995年开始,我国宏观税负持续上升,在2009年略有下降。1995年~2010年各年宏观税负依次为:9.8%、9.9%、10.4%、10.8%、11.5%、12.8%、13.8%、14.1%、15.1%、16.1%、16.7%、17.4%、18.6%、18.4%、18.5%、19.4%。


Since the beginning of 1995, China's macro tax burden continues to rise, a slight decline in 2009. From 2010 to 1995, the macro tax burden is 9.8%, 9.9%, 10.4%, 10.8%, 11.5%, 12.8%, 13.8%, 14.1%, 15.1%, 16.1%, 16.7%, 17.4%, 18.6%, 18.4%, 18.5%, 19.4%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, respectively.


2005~2007年是我国宏观税负上升较快的时期,平均每年提升近1个百分点(此处计算税负所使用的“税收收入”包括由我国税务部门组织征收的各项税收,不包括关税、船舶吨税、农业税、牧业税、农业特产税、耕地占用税、契税,未扣减出口退税。税收数据来源于国家税务总局核算数据)。


From 2005 to 2007 is China's macro tax burden in the rapid rise in the period, the average annual increase nearly 1 percentage point (here to calculate the tax by using the tax revenue "including the tax levied by the tax department organization, including tariffs, ship tonnage tax, agricultural tax, animal husbandry tax, tax on special agricultural products, cultivated land occupation tax, deed tax, no deduction of export tax rebate. Tax data from the State Administration of taxation accounting data.




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